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2.5 Cognitive Science

1. The Catch All.

The dictionary definition of Cognitive Science is:

Cognitive science refers to the interdisciplinary study of the acquisition and use of knowledge. It includes as contributing disciplines: artificial intelligence, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, neuroscience, and education. The cognitive science movement is far reaching and diverse, containing within it several viewpoints.
Cognitive science grew out of three developments: the invention of computers and the attempts to design programs that could do the kinds of tasks that humans do; the development of information processing psychology where the goal was to specify the internal processing involved in perception, language, memory, and thought; and the development of the theory of generative grammar and related offshoots in linguistics. Cognitive science was a synthesis concerned with the kinds of knowledge that underlie human cognition, the details of human cognitive processing, and the computational modeling of those processes.
(Eysenck, M.W. The Blackwell Dictionary of Cognitive Psychology.) 2.5.1

So basically it is a catch all term that can be used for almost any kind of of study related to understanding how the mind works. However, it is primarily dominated by research in the areas of functionalism and connectionism.


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